Health Illness


Social and cultural responses
How a society responds to diseases is the subject of medical sociology.A condition may be considered a disease in some cultures or eras but not in others. For example, obesity can represent wealth and ...
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Main article: EpidemiologyEpidemiology is the study of the factors that cause or encourage diseases. Some diseases are more common in certain geographic areas, among people with certain genetic or soc ...
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Main article: TherapyMedical therapies or treatments are efforts to cure or improve a disease or other health problem. In the medical field, therapy is synonymous with the word treatment. Among psycho ...
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Main article: Preventive medicineMany diseases and disorders can be prevented through a variety of means. These include sanitation, proper nutrition, adequate exercise, vaccinations, circumcision of m ...
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Burdens of disease
Disease burden is the impact of a health problem in an area measured by financial cost, mortality, morbidity, or other indicators.There are several measures used to quantify the burden imposed by dise ...
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Causes and transmissibility
Main article: Transmission (medicine)Only some diseases such as influenza are contagious and commonly believed infectious. The micro-organisms that cause these diseases are known as pathogens and incl ...
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Concepts__In many cases, the terms disease, disorder, morbidity and illness are used interchangeably. In some situations, specific terms are considered preferable.DiseaseThe term disease broadly refer ...
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A disease is an abnormal condition that affects the body of an organism. It is often construed as a medical condition associated with specific symptoms and signs. It may be caused by factors originall ...
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List of disorders
A__Adenoid disordersAdrenal disordersAllergic disordersAnorectal disordersAntisocial personality disorderAnxiety disordersAppendix disordersArticulation disordersAttention deficit disorderAutonomic ne ...
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In order to maintain high-quality performance, some performing musicians are prone to take chemical substances. They are therefore more prone to suffering substance abuse. The most common chemical sub ...
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Impulsivity is characterized by actions based on sudden desires, whims, or inclinations rather than careful thought. Individuals with substance abuse have higher levels of impulsivity, and individuals ...
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Special populations
Immigrants and refugees__Process and context of migration__Governments, advocacy organizations, academics, and migrating persons often define the term "immigrant" differently, assigning unique meaning ...
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Society and culture
Legal approaches__Related articles: Drug control law, Prohibition (drugs), Arguments for and against drug prohibitionMost governments have designed legislation to criminalize certain types of drug use ...
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APA, AMA, and NCDA__In 1932, the American Psychiatric Association created a definition that used legality, social acceptability, and cultural familiarity as qualifying factors:…as a general rule, we ...
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The initiation of drug and alcohol use is most likely to occur during adolescence, and some experimentation with substances by older adolescents is common. For example, results from 2010 Monitoring th ...
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